Cocoa Trinitario production is one of the main sources of farmers' income in the rural areas of Ambanja, Madagascar, and its production is constantly threatened by the effects of climate change and water scarcity. Access to water for agricultural and domestic purposes is one of the most critical aspects for the economic and social development of the region. Carbonsink in collaboration with ZOE (Italian NGO) and ADAPS (Associazione pour le Développement de l'Agriculture et du Paysannat du Sambirano), the most important farmers' cooperative in the area, is developing a water access program that will involve more than 5,000 farmers.
The project involves the installation of drinking water systems in rural villages (district of Ambanja) in the Diana region of Madagascar. The activity is developed by ZOE, in collaboration with Carbonsink and the local partner: ADAPS.
Like all rural areas in Madagascar, the district of Ambanja is characterized by drinking water scarcity: only 5% of the population has easy and direct access to the water. In the intervention area, water supply is currently being carried out by unprotected and low depth wells, with negative consequences on the locals’ health.
The main purpose of the project is to improve the sanitary, social and economic conditions of the local population by ensuring a correct and safe management of water resource, while at the same time ensuring the reduction of carbon dioxide emissions generated by the combustion of wood used to boil the water to sterilise it. Alongside structural interventions, initiatives will be implemented to raise awareness about renewable energies and underground water resources management.